Are you at risk for heart disease?
Year after year, heart disease tops the list as the most common killer
of men and women in the U.S. It's estimated that by 2035, 45 percent of
people in America will have at least one health issue related to heart
disease. Heart disease, and its complications, are growing more rapidly
that previously predicted.
There are many reasons for this. Of course, smoking is an issue. Nationally,
smoking rates have declined significantly. However, rates in Kentucky,
West Virginia and southern Ohio remain above national averages. Obesity,
poor dietary habits, type 2 diabetes, and sedentary lifestyles also contribute.
Add to this the fact that heart disease seems like one of those far-off
things that only happens to others, never oneself.
Are you at risk for heart disease? Chances are, if you live in this area,
you are. This simple quiz can help you understand what puts you at risk
and what you can do about it.
1. Do you have a family history of heart disease (parents or siblings)?
Answer yes if your father/brother was diagnosed at age 55 or earlier or
mother/sister were diagnosed at age 65 or earlier.
2. Do you have a family history of stroke? Answer yes if your father/brother
was diagnosed at age 55 or earlier or if mother/sister at age 65 or earlier.
3. Do you have a family history of cardiovascular disease, such as high
blood pressure, heart failure, sudden cardiac death, poor circulation
in your legs, atrial fibrillation or other rhythm disorder?
4. Have you had a heart attack, stroke, or other cardiac event?
5. Are you African-American?
6. Do you have high cholesterol or do you currently take medication to
treat high cholesterol?
7. Do you have diabetes, take medications or restrict your diet to manage
high blood sugar?
8. Do you have high blood pressure (hypertension) or are you currently
taking medications to manage your blood pressure? High blood pressure
is defined as 120/80.
9. Do you smoke (including vaping or eCigarettes), use tobacco products,
or are you exposed to second-hand smoke on a daily basis?
10. Are you overweight or obese?Are you age 45 or older or, if female,
have you already experienced menopause (natural or surgical)?
11. Are you age 45 or older or, if female, have you already experienced
menopause (natural or surgical)?
12. Do you exercise less than 20 minutes a day, 5 days a week?
13. Are you frequently under stress?
14. Are you over 35 and take birth control pills?
15. Have you been diagnosed with kidney disease or are you currently on dialysis?
16. Have you ever been diagnosed with metabolic syndrome? (Metabolic syndrome
is defined as having at least three of the following: High fasting blood
sugar (>110 mg/dL); high triglycerides (>150 mg/dL); low “good”
cholesterol (>50 mg/dL for women; >40 mg/dL for men); blood pressure
of 130/85 or higher; waist measurement of 35 inches or greater for women;
40 inches or greater for men)
The more "yes" answers you gave, the higher your risk. While there’s
nothing you can do about your family medical history, your age or race,
there are lots of things you can do to influence your other risk factors.
Lose weight, stop tobacco products, exercise, and eat a healthy diet being
chief among them.
Talk to your primary care provider about your risk factors. Better yet,
take this completed quiz with you to your next visit. King’s Daughters
cardiologists welcome new patients, with appointments within 48 hours.
If you’d like to be seen by one of our heart experts, please give
us a call at (606) 324-4745.